When you are involved in the research process, whether it be for a short essay or research project, you will be engaging with other people's work, their words, ideas and arguments
This guide will:
- Explain how to construct references according to the Harvard Standard for a variety of different sources
- Give examples of how to present references in your text include a sample bibliography
This guide can be downloaded as a PDF version.
Contents of the guide:
- Avoiding Plagiarism
- Citing Other People's Work
- How to Use Quotations
- Using Non-English Quotations
- International Sources
- Printed Sources
- Electronic Sources
- Audio Visual & Performance Sources
- Personal Communications
- Constructing References: Printed Images
- The List of Figures
- Sample Reference List
If you need further help with referencing or constructing a bibliography please contact your Subject Librarian.
Plagiarism, the representation of someone else’s ideas or words as your own, is a serious offence.
Citing Other People's Work
The Harvard referencing system uses a name and date of publication to link citations to sources.
How To Use Quotations
This part of the guide will give examples of the main ways in which you might want to cite a reference within your piece of work.
You may wish to include quotes from non-English sources in your written work. If you do this you can either translate the text or paraphrase the content in English.