Electronic Sources


Web Pages


References to a web site or page should be made up of the following elements:

Author/Organisation responsible for the website
(Year)
Title
[online]
Available from: web address - URL
[Accessed date]

 

It is often not possible to find all elements, however by following these guidelines as fully as possible consistency will be maintained throughout your bibliography.

Examples:

National Museum Wales (n.d.). The process – from fleece to fabric. [online] Available from: http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/wool/the-process/ [Accessed 10 August 2010]

In the above sample a publication date could not be ascertained so n.d. was used to indicate no date.

Geoghegan, K. (2010). Sampling the Edinburgh Fringe for free. [online] Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-10917356 [Accessed 10 August 2010]

E-Journals and E-Newspaper Articles.


References to e-journals should include the following (use this format for e-newspaper articles):

Author's Surname, Initial(s)
Year of publication
Title of article
Title of journal
[online]
Date of publication (if ascertainable)
Volume number / Part number
Available from: web address - URL
[Accessed date]

Examples:

Jackson, K.M. (2000). Play it again and again: "Casablanca"'s impact on American mass media and popular culture. Journal of popular film and television. [online]. Winter 2000. Vol.27. No.4. Available from: http://iipaft.chadwyck.com/iipaft/htxview?template=basic-htx&content=fameset.htx&ACCESS=NEW&ALL=Y [Accessed 15 May 2007]

Kuspit, D. (2000). Antoni Tapies. Artforum. [online]. April 2000. Available from: http://www.artforum.com/archive/id=346&search=1999 [Accessed 6 January 2007]

E-Books


E-books accessed through AUB Library require your AUB username and password to log-in

Author's Family Name, Initial(s)
(Year of publication)
Title of book
[e-book]
Place of publication
Publisher
Available from: web address - URL
[Accessed date]

Example:

Sagers, J. (2006). Origins of Japanese wealth and power : reconciling confucianism and capitalism, 1830-1885 [e-book] New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Available from: AUB Library http://aub.ac.uk/library [Accessed 16 August 2010]

Free e-books/pdfs

For e-books or pdfs that can accessed through the internet

Author's Family Name, Initial(s)
(Year of publication)
Title of book
[e-book] or [pdf]
Place of publication (if available)
Publisher
Available from: web address - URL
[Accessed date]

Examples:

Carroll, L. (2008). Alice in wonderland. [e-book] Millennium Fulcrum. Available from: http://www.gutenberg.org [Accessed 16 August 2010]

Arts Council (2010). Joining up the dots: Dance agencies – thoughts on future direction. [pdf] London: Arts Council. Available from: http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/media/uploads/joining_up_the_dots_april_2010.pdf [Accessed 16 August 2010]

Kindle or e-book reader e-books

Author's Family Name, Initial(s)
(Year of Kindle or other e-book reader edition)
Title of book
[type of e-book reader used to access e-book] e.g Kindle or Kobo
Available from: web address - URL
[Accessed date] the date you first accessed the e-book

Example:

Smith, A. (2008). The wealth of nations. [Kindle e-book]. Available from: http://www.amazon.co.uk [Accessed 10 May 2012]

E-Images


When referencing an online image include the following. By right clicking over the image when on a PC or click and hold when on a Mac and selecting properties you will get the correct address (URL) and file extension:

Artist or image creator (if known)
Title or description of image
(Year of publication/creation)
[Online image]
Available from: web address (URL)
Filename and extension (if ascertainable)
[Accessed date]

Examples:

Dahl-Wolfe, L. Edith Sitwell. (1951). [Online image]. Available from: http://vnweb.hwwilsonweb.com/amico/tn/ccp/ccp_.851030145_tn.jpg
[Accessed 7 August 2007]

Goldsworthy, A. Stone River. (2001). [Online image]. Available from: http://www.stanford.edu/dept/ccva/goldsworthy.jpeg
[Accessed 7 August 2007]

Martin Luther King Jr. (n.d.). [Online image]. Available from: http://members.aol.com/klove/images/martin.jpeg
[Accessed 7 August 2007]

Blogs


Family Name, Initial(s) or bloggers online identity
(Year of publication)
Title of blog entry
Date blog entry written
Title of Blog [online]
Available from: web address URL. [Date accessed]

Example:

Fry, S. (2008). Wii is a kind of magic. 29 August 2008. Blog: blessays, blogs and blisquisitions [online]. Available from: http://stephenfry.com/blog/  [Accessed 10 September 2008].

Discussion Lists/Messageboards


Family Name, Initial(s) or online identity
(Year of publication)
Title of message
Date message added to list
Title of Discussion group [online]
Available from: web address URL
[Date accessed]

Example:

Fragoletto. (2010). The fool. 1 April 2010. Arts and ideas [online]. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/mbradio3/ [Accessed 10 August 2010].

Podcasts or Archived Television Programmes e.g. Box of Broadcasts (BoB)


Author
(Year of publication)
Title [online]
Available from: Web address - URL
[Date Accessed].

Example:

Tate (2008). Modern paint podcast [online]. Available from: http://www.tate.org.uk/learning/learnonline/modernpaints/ [Accessed 10 September 2008].

Tweets


Author
(Year)
Date of Tweet
Title of website [online]
Available from: Web address - URL
[Date accessed]

Example:

Navarro, J. (2012). 11th January. Twitter [online]. Available from: https://twitter.com/#!/search/haptics [Accessed 19 January 2012]

Wikis


Wiki Name
(Year of publication)
Title of article [online]
Available from: Web address - URL
[Date accessed]

Example:

Wikipedia. (2008). Lighthouse [online]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse    [Accessed 10 September 2008].

You Tube videos


Screen Name
(Year of publication)
Title [online]
Available from Web address - URL
[Date accessed]

Example:

Ninecreative. (2008). Esquire e-ink cover. [online]. Available from: http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=KMb9tZ1TP8Q&feature=related [Accessed 10 September 2008].

Mobile app

 

Originator/author
Year (in brackets) – use access year if date not available
Title of app (in italics)
[mobile app]
[Date accessed]

Example:

BBC (2013). BBC News.[mobile app] [Accessed 23 January 2013]

Mobile app content

 

Originator/author
Year (in brackets) – use access year if date not available
Title of app content
Title of app (in italics)
[mobile app]
[Date accessed]

Example:

BBC (2013). Major changes to A-levels planned. BBC News.[mobile app] [Accessed 23 January 2013]