Introduction


When you are involved in the research process, whether it is for a short essay or a longer research project, you will be engaging with other people's work; their words, ideas and arguments.
This guide will:

  • Explain how to construct references according to the Harvard Standard for a variety of different sources
  • Give examples of how to present references in your text include a sample bibliography

This guide can be downloaded as a  full PDF.

A web version of the guide is also available via the 'Referencing' menu above.

Contents of the guide:

  • Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Other People's Work
  • How to Use Quotations
  • Using Non-English Quotations and International Sources
  • Referencing Printed Sources
  • Referencing Electronic Sources
  • Referencing Audio Visual & Performance Sources
  • Referencing Personal Communications
  • Referencing Printed Images
  • Creating a list of Figures
  • A sample reference list

If you need further help with referencing or constructing a bibliography please contact your Subject Librarian.